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Shojo manga: a tangent

To a great extent, this post serves as an excuse to link to David Welsh, whose Thursday thoughts revolve around the question of how critics talk about shojo manga, and whether some reviews of Moto Hagio’s A Drunken Dream and Other Stories reveal a chronic devaluation of works written by/for girls and women. I’ve probably said enough on the second half of that topic already to warrant keeping my mouth shut for quite some time. Still, I wanted to address one small thing.

One of the reviews David quotes is this one from Chris Mautner (a critic whose writing I respect a lot, by the way) at Robot 6. Here’s the quote:

Dream, on the other hand, has both feet firmly planted in the world of shojo manga. The ten tales that make up this book all consist of overly sincere, heart-on-the-sleeve-style work. There’s very little ironic distancing and self-effacing humor here, although it does peep its head out occasionally. Mostly though, that’s been ignored in favor of heightened melodrama and earnest heart-tugging. While it avoids the sort of contrived, romantic, situation-comedy type plots that mark a lot of the shojo manga that has been translated into English over the past decade, there can be little doubt that Dream has more in common with Fruits Basket and Boys Over Flowers than Red Colored Elegy or Abandon the Old in Tokyo.”

Ignoring, for the moment, David’s main purpose in pulling this quote, I find myself compelled by one major question: What do Fruits Basket and Boys Over Flowers really have in common?

Let’s look at the (abbreviated) facts:

Fruits Basket tells the story of Tohru, a cheerfully eccentric teen girl who is very much at loose ends after the loss of her mother. Unwilling to burden family members she barely knows, Tohru decides to camp out and support herself, but when her tent is destroyed in a mudslide, she ends up letting herself be taken in by several members of the Sohma family, on whose property she was unknowingly living.

Soon she discovers that the Sohmas have a secret. In each generation, thirteen of the family are cursed with the spirits of the Chinese zodiac. Though the curse at first appears to be harmless and pretty amusing (the Sohmas are involuntarily transformed into their zodiac animals when embraced by a member of the opposite sex), its true nature is dark and quietly sinister, responsible for an ongoing cycle of intimidation and abuse that has haunted the family for generations. Seeing this, Tohru vows to herself to find a way to break the curse and bring relief to these people who have gradually become her new family.

Though this supernatural fantasy/drama contains some real moments of humor, it’s ultimately one of the darkest shojo series I’ve personally read. I’ve got reviews of the later volumes available here (Warning: SPOILERS).

Boys Over Flowers tells the story of Tsukushi, a working-class teen girl attending an elite private academy where she is surrounded by children of the wealthy and powerful. When Tsukushi’s outrage over the treatment of a friend brings her to the attention of the school’s most notorious bullies–a quartet of boys known as the “F4”–she becomes the primary outcast and scapegoat of the school, a role she’s fiercely unwilling to play.

Thanks to her hot temper and an impressively unwavering nerve, Tsukushi finds herself at the center of the F4’s world, and though this position is initially a hostile one, she gradually becomes recognized as someone of value. Things ultimately lead to an epic love triangle between Tsukushi and two of the members of the F4, detached, dreamy Rui and hot-blooded buffoon Tsukasa.

Despite the fact that this story touches on some pretty serious issues–bullying, classism–it is at all times a romantic comedy of the lightest and most hilarious kind. Outrageously melodramatic and deliberately absurd, Boys Over Flowers is just plain fun. And though I’ve only reviewed the first five volumes, I can confirm that these values hold true to the end.

So, to restate my question: What do Fruits Basket and Boys Over Flowers really have in common? I see exactly one thing: “teen girl.”

Am I oversimplifying? Maybe. Yes, both series contain elements of romance, though I don’t see much in common there, either, between Fruits Basket‘s sweet, slow-building love story (so slow-building, in fact, it didn’t even make its way into my summary) and Boys Over Flowers‘ over-the-top romantic circus. My point here is, even among relatively recent shojo series that could reasonably be labeled “romance,” there is far too much variety to allow for blanket generalizations.

So why do critics still insist on making them? My guess? “Teen girl.”

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  1. Recently, I’ve been getting a bit exasperated with the blanket terms. On one hand, I can see how ‘teen girl’ would appeal a pre-teen, but along the lines of what Mr. Welsh said, most anyone else would look at that label as a negative, including most teen girls I’ve ever known. If we’re going to draw ‘Josei’ into the mix in English publishing terms, ‘Shojo’ will, I think, increasingly become synonymous with ‘teen girl’ and all the girly pink positive/negative, but ultimately dismissive connotations that go along with it. I’m thinking the current fan trend is the concept that scanlation or library reading teens will one day graduate to becoming book-purchasing adults, so presenting as girly pink teen books will theoretically sap interest among the purchasing audience regardless of the benifits/negatives of pink wrapping.

    On the other hand, the Shojo Beat label may make the mistake of lumping josei and shojo stories together, but ultimately, there’s a certain editorial flavour we can expect from the Shojo Beat books. I can’t really grasp exactly what that editorial intent is, it would be cool to try to find out, but there’s a certain something that makes Viz’s Shojo Beat line different from most of Tokyopop’s shojo releases and from CMX’s shojo offerings. I think that flavour is what’s really more important than whether the book was intended for teen girls or elderly males.

    *phew* That was a tough comment to navigate considering all that’s been written about the subjects lately. Please give me the benefit of a doubt if something I said sounded horribly offensive.


  1. […] Good morning! Today’s discussion will be about shoujo manga. You should start with two posts, Melinda Beasi’s commentary on Twilight and the plight of the female fan and Christopher Mautner’s review of Moto Hagio’s A Drunken Dream and Other Stories, and then go on to the further commentary by David Welsh on the question of whether shoujo manga (and works by women, for women in general) doesn’t get the respect it should, and Melinda Beasi’s tangent, in which she points out that Fruits Basket and Boys Over Flowers actually have very little in common. […]

  2. […] then Melinda chimes back in at her blog, pointing out that people who drop Fruits Basket and Boys Over Flowers in the same […]

  3. […] from Brigid Alverson at Robot 6. Part of the premise of Brigid’s post was to refute my assertion that Fruits Basket and Boys Over Flowers have very little in common (an opinion I still hold, by […]

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